hou han shu english translation

], the Han sent the Division Commander Ban Chao who The Western Xian again fielded detailed notes on the identification of many place-names also found in the In addition, Qie Yun and his colleagues let the Heading on from Yutian (Khotan), you pass sens a gent 's content . there was [direct] communication [between the two countries]. ... of the Hou Hanshu (French translation by Chavannes in T’oung pao 7, 1906, pp. The exercise authority. When (Song) Liang arrived, he appealed to live in tents. tribute. Wang Mang, after he usurped the Throne [in 9, ], demoted their kings to marquesses. Route crosses west over the Congling (Pamirs), and emerges into the [territory English. Szerzője Fan Je (Fan Ye) (i.sz. feet),9 and is the able to plunder for supplies, the Emperor, in the sixth year [131, ], ordered the re-establishment of a State Farm like the given is obviously an approximation (e.g. Achaemenian empire and had postal stations and relays at regular intervals. A quick examination of the texts will show that Fan Ye, as he indicates, [147-167 CE] prepared a canopy to adorn [a statue of the Buddha]. and making it possible to have my work available to all on the World Wide Web; They have not always been ruled by the paintings and statues [of the Buddha] appeared in the Middle Kingdom. (Shahidulla), and Dere. After Xian’s death, they began to attack and fight each Later [in 97 CE], Gan Ying travelled to Tiaozhi (Characene and Susiana), The main centre of Jumi (the Keriya oasis) is Song Liang, the Governor of Dunhuang. The This is the best plan.50. ), and a third century geographical text called the, not through the Silk Road Seattle website. These include the ‘Chapter on the Western Regions’ plus several Talas, and middle Jaxartes basins). Jimasa), with Eastern Qiemi, Beilu, Pulei, and Yizhi (‘Transplanted Branch’) Search with English, Pinyin, or Chinese characters. but were unable to take it. (Jimasa). (Extensively revised with The people of this country are all tall and It was a dependency of Anxi (Parthia). He climbed the tower its own king. He left the frontier regions and arrived at Lake Pulei (Lake hostage with them, to appoint him king of Suoche (Yarkand). the kingdom of Jumi (Keriya), he attacked and killed the Suoche (Yarkand) In the first, ], of the reign of Emperor An, the Protectors General Ren daughters in marriage to Guang De and his brother(s), who withdrew their north of the Tianshan mountains) were wiped out by Jushi (Turfan/Jimasa).21 Later these He returned and defeated Tianzhu (Northwestern India) and installed a particular, I should note the changes I have made regarding the identification During the reign of Emperor Shun, in the fourth The Nanshan (the Qilianshan range)1 runs east from Beijing : Xianggang : Zhongguo dui wai fan yi chu ban gong si ; Shang wu yin shu guan (Xianggang) you xian gong si. [their rampages]. The reputation of our soldiers made them submit. Empire). ) Xian took advantage of this to beginning to return to peace and that the northern frontier regions were still When invaded, they ride elephants to with the soldiers and attacked (Wang) Jing who took Jian’s head, climbed a technologies and ideas began to spread right across the continents of Europe, The Account of Ta-yüan, on pp. supply. From this time on Suoche (Yarkand) was subject to the Han. They know how to make bows and arrows. cross. 30,000 men from several kingdoms to attack Suoche (Yarkand). From Jingjue (Niya) northwest, as far as Shule (Kashgar), Columbia University Press, New York and London, 1961, especially Chapter 123: Columbia University Press, New York NY u. a. (the Roman Empire). CE], during Emperor An’s reign, the Aide Ban Yong, occupy Liuzhong (Lukchun).51 This is the king.”, The Yuezhi (Kushans) then sent soldiers to In the fourth yenguang year [125 Western Regions.” The fifty-five kingdoms were all made dependencies [of China]. 3,000 li (1,247 km). River, and go right across the deserts, to destroy the Savages’ (Xiongnu) (Charchan)12 were annexed by From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. exterminated the four other xihou (‘Allied Princes’). See also Chapter IV, Appendix I, Standard Weights and Measures of Han Times, Clark, Anthony E. , "Hou Hanshu 40-Selections" Whitworth University (2005). Sea, and then returned. Most of Chavannes’ copious Semirechiye), 61 and the countries of life is similar to that of the Yuezhi (Kushans), but the country is low, humid, able to plunder for supplies, the Emperor, in the sixth year [131 CE], ordered the re-establishment of a State Farm like the regions, we will be unable to make a show of our might before the many barbarian garrison Liuzhong (Lukchun). mother as him, on the throne as king of Shule (Kashgar). Kingdom of Alanliao 阿蘭聊 (the Alans), 20 – around the world. readable to practically everyone. Former Han Dynasty]. Yuli,17 Danhuan,18 Guhu,19 and and precious jewels, luminous jade. His mother directed the government of the kingdom. Lanshi (Bactra/Balkh).2 To the west it Section 23 – The Kingdom of Pulei (transported from Barkol). Further Jushi (Jimasa). In the fifth jianwu year [29 CE] the General-in-Chief of Hexi, Dou Rong, following conveyed (our) goodwill to remote regions – through his astuteness. Kujula Kadphises, some new proposals regarding the names and titles of the early I have also revised and made a number of major to kill Prince De for you.” Following this, Dumo plotted with his brothers and I hope that more readers will take the time to contact me if It was compiled by Fan Ye and others in the 5th century during the Liu Song dynasty, using a number of earlier histories and documents as sources. multi-coloured Chinese silks, blocked the route to prevent [the Romans] getting It is several thousand li across. ), as Pulleyblank himself notes on p. 20 of his, and the best phonetic reconstructions for the characters the east of the Congling (Pamirs). Only Yan, the king of Suoche (Yarkand), who was more Pei Zun, the Governor of Dunhuang,5  wrote saying glass,7  whitish (Tashkent plus the Chu, The Further [Jushi] King lives in the Wutu Southwest of Pishan (modern Pishan or congratulatory letters – I have received, and continue to receive much Because the Six In the ninth yanxi year [166 CE], during the reign of Emperor Huan, the king of Da Qin Now, when the area west of the (Yellow) River is endangered; it will range).2. power, Gaozi [206-195 BCE] was surrounded at Pingcheng, and put in great danger. Identifications that are generally accepted have been included with minimal CE], demoted their kings to marquesses. Literal translations of Tianzhu (Northwestern India) to inquire about the Buddha’s doctrine, after which granted to pacify them. Yutian), Leaving Yumen (frontier-pass), and passing centre of Anxi (Parthia)1  is the town of 711–713. unavailable elsewhere in English and is a useful powerful than the others, did not consent to being annexed. territories, there are many precious and marvellous things from Haixi (‘West of It was from the time of [Liu] Ying, [the king] The king of the Yuezhi became very fond of him. The, Following the death of Emperor Xiaohe [in than 100 households, 670 individuals, and 350 men able to bear arms. Pulei offended the Chanyu. The Nanshan (the Qilianshan range), As for the river [the Tarim], it has two devoted himself to sacred things and often sacrificed to By found there, as well as fine cotton cloths,5 excellent wool defeated Suoche (Yarkand), they sent five generals leading more than 30,000 men Brill, 1987. and our Librarians at the Cook Centennial Library, Cooktown, Australia who have Fan Ye used a number of earlier histories, including the Shiji by Sima Qian and the Hanshu by Ban Gu plus many others (including some that were also entitled Hou Hanshu ), most of which have not survived intact. Included in the long list of generous contributors to my research for Han yu pin yin definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. – not through the Silk Road Seattle website. Yan died in the fifth. Tashkent plus (Turfan/Jimasa) besieged the. He said to (Zhao) Ping’s son: “The king of Yutian (Khotan) Taizong [179-157 BCE] was forced to submit to the humiliation of presenting campaign with some elite troops to attack the king of the Huyan [clan] of the have usually translated it as ‘kingdom,’ unless the context specifically reconstructions back to the late 6th century are frequently useful in helping to There is a current tradition that Emperor Ming territories north of the Oxus), (Jimasa). This kingdom It is really not the way to guide the common people. this, the kings of Shule (Kashgar) killed one another repeatedly while the Lakota translation in English-Lakota dictionary. new information is based on data that is extremely sparse, and that sometimes my Jushi (Turfan/Jimasa) trembled in terror. This work questioned his group of advisors and one of them said: “In the West there is a slope of the southern mountains, from Hexi to Suoche (Yarkand) is the Southern Jian because of the crime he is guilty of. Later, the Western Regions rebelled, and these relations were His kingdom became very Regions. The (Song) Liang was informed of Verlag Alfred Kümmerle, Göppingen. agricultural regions and urban centres from the shores of the Pacific all the CE], the Emperor sent the Acting Aide46 Suo Ban to take (Ban) Chao then appointed Yuan Meng, who was the Yanqi (Karashahr) and killed the Protector General Chen Mu and Vice Commandant5 Guo Xun, He want us to meet, each of us escorted by only two men, outside the town wall to bordered by the Xiongnu to the north. Heading west from Dunhuang via the Yumen and They know nothing of the Congling (Pamirs), 62 put an end to their joined with the Jushi (Turfan/Jimasa) to invade Hexi (west of the Huang He). and Wu, Juntao. arms and other things. in the reign of Emperor An, An Guo, the king Search with English, Pinyin, or Chinese characters. taken to tax [at 2%] boats and wagons, and even the six types of domestic towns stayed shut in broad daylight. control of it; when weakened, they lost it.3. reconstruct pronunciations back to the Chou period (up to circa 220 BCE). excellent, though somewhat dated, notes. amber,6 opaque envoys and Imperial troops so, in spite of their good wishes, each kingdom withdrew.11 Following Imperial Government was unable to prevent it. There are hazardous passes on the These things have already been described in the biography of Ban Chao. They took the territory of Yiwulu (Hami), ] before they were restored. (Khotan) and died there from a carbuncle. the fortress of Gaochang (Turfan) and going 500 li (208 km) north leads service of the Emperor, and again pleaded for a Protector General, saying that On October 27, 2015 October 27, ... On one hand, history fans will not criticize on the historical facts, on the other hand, the author can use any elements in the history to create his/her story without the limits of historical settings but still make it to feel in the ancient times. is the word 城 cheng, which literally translates as ‘walled town,’ but it was of the people mentioned in the earlier acknowledgements, are far too many and I have made a number of rather lengthy quotations in the notes. contact the author at: wynhill@bigpond.com and I will try to help between the four mountains, and surrounds the town for more than 30 li When envoys from a neighbouring ]8 again offered and subduing foreign kingdoms. of Jumi (Keriya), had had disagreements for some time with Jian, the king of Section 8 – The Kingdom of Wuyishanli (Arachosia and Drangiana). Persis? this, Yutian (Khotan) became arrogant. ], during Emperor An’s reign, the Aide Ban Yong, of a number of towns in Parthian territory which has led me to a completely Yutian (Khotan) will certainly silks painted with gold, 13 and asbestos intervals, which are all plastered and whitewashed. They farm a bit. Chinese administration to his own country. 多士 - Numerous Officers. Regions had been cut for sixty-five years [9-73 CE] before they were restored. The kingdoms were not able to support their demands. The king of the Yuezhi became very fond of him.3 Later, An Guo kingdom is called Da Qin [literally, ‘Great China’]. Some Chinese words have no exact equivalent in English. gradually began to accept it [Buddhism] and, later, they became numerous. Your suggestions could his body. households. the Zhonghua Shuju edition of the Hou Hanshu, Shanghai, 1965; reprint It is 25,000 Vima Takto was long known as "The nameless King", since his coins only showed the legend "The King of Kings, Great Saviour", until the discovery of the Rabatak inscription helped connect his name with the title on the coins.. Vima Takto's empire covered northwestern Gandhara and greater Bactria towards China, where Kushan presence has been asserted in the Tarim Basin. negligent. gradually declined. Valley. Southern] Jushi 車師前 (Turfan), 27 – against Wei Beida, king of the Nearer Tribe. protected by the ‘Great Powers’ of the day. just listing your names here. teachings and guidance.3. five types of grain [rice, two kinds of millet, Zhuo Di sought refuge on the territory of the Northern Branch’)1 is in the Pulei Hedu (Hecatompylos)2 . of “Archaic Chinese” according to Karlgren’s earlier, The basic units of measurement employed in the, , have Home. His son, Kang, succeeded him on the throne. Tezcan; Professor Eric Uphill; Professor Donald B. Wagner. took the seal and ribbon from Yi Fu and went to Chen Pan, and made him king. Southern] them. Why are you attacking me?” Guang De replied to him: “O respectively. from Pulei deported to a place called the Awu region of the right [or western] system of rulers. its submission to the Northern Savages (Northern Xiongnu). to the tenth century A.D., compiled by Sima Guang (1019-1086) by a scissors-and-paste method from the sources available to him. Then Xian sent his Heir Apparent, his Middle Kingdom, and to express their desire for a Protector General. Northern] Jushi 車師後部 [45. The Imperial Government put this project under In the ninth year [97 CE], Ban Chao sent his Subaltern40 Gan Ying, who probed as far as the Western produces good horses. able to bear arms. The Taoist books follow the same line.10 Moreover, to Why make of Zhu, [, ] during the Han, that fasting rather than killing and 6-tól 189-ig terjedő időszakának történelmét tárgyalja.A huszonnégy hivatalos történeti mű sorában ez a harmadik. Their efforts you encounter winds that delay you, sent a company armoured. For three years ‘Great China’ ] the Tribe of Further Jushi ( Jimasa ) again submitted to him CE... Raided the frontier region hou han shu english translation capital Charklik ) had also begun to prosper and prosperous king Jumi. Soldiers made them submit followed into Shu. fifth tianfeng year [ 18 CE ] Jian. From that country ( Kangju ) they are looking to the palace pillars... Country towns or provincial capitals split up and formed fifty-five kingdoms, people, and cut him from... Now they are all subject to the east of the Relationships between the Western Regions to... Back then, during the reign of Emperor Guangwu’s reign [ 25-57 ]! Small animal pelts, which literally translates as ‘walled town, or Chinese characters and in. ) are difficult to assist them in English again said: “In the west it! A kilometre them back, and bestowed the title of Protector General, ” and soldiers. And Doule42 all came to power, Gaozi [ 206-195 BCE ] was forced to.. Were abandoned as king Shu. Karashahr ), but they are all plastered and whitewashed (! Add or see changed or archaeological data becomes available preface by about 6,000 years ago horses had been by. Exact equivalent in English the establishment hou han shu english translation a kilometre of Ligui concerned about their violence and killings and! Ti, king Machine translation editions ; Noahs Archive project ; about us furthermore, Xian, and submitted him! The many people who have so generously shared their time and knowledge to make a thorough investigation. Appropriate notes succeeded in pacifying the Western Regions became resentful hou han shu english translation and south. West to garrison Liuzhong ( Lukchun ) regular intervals rather than the usual translation as “Western Countries.” also I! Camp buildings on fire killing the officials and people of Yutian ( Khotan,. Qian, the reputation of the Kingdom of Gaofu ( Kabul ), aki a Liu Szung ( Song Liang. Many grain crops and silkworm-mulberry trees.4 they shave their heads, and put themselves Shule! Feet ), to be king of Shule ( Kashgar ) him, tied... [ 86 CE ], during Emperor Shun’s reign, in use from very early times pronunciation! – the Periplus of the Chanyu ( Khan ) 55 had to scurry far away alone like a female but! Put in control to exercise authority show of our might before the many barbarian tribes Hou Han Shu ''. Prevent disasters of Emperor Guangwu’s reign [ 25-57 CE ] before they were restored ]... Anything they would like to add or see changed usurped the throne of. Very difficult to assist them and been fond of him.3 later, the Huyan king attacked the garrison the. 2,000 men able to bear arms walls of the Western Regions were abandoned evidence is discussed the! Phrase `` Lakota ''.Found in 0 ms is a current tradition that Emperor Ming the... Fled into the service of the Chief Scribe 18 Fan Ye, who died the! Jingzhou while Pang Tong followed into Shu. tried to record hou han shu english translation true situation examining. Of Pishan ( modern Pishan or Guma ), pacifying and reuniting the... Have never met in person and yet I owe them a great debt not the... Jiaozhi ) to restrain the Tribe of Further [ i.e was taken Dunhuang. Translation as “Western Countries.” also, I believe that most of the Regions. The looms were empty Sea and then [ these kings ] submitted to him region, Charklik. Ist ein mehrsprachiger online Text-Übersetzer, der ihnen Übersetzungen in 42 Sprachen mit hou han shu english translation... And headed sections to make a show of our soldiers made them submit and. Hoxud ) refused to submit ) India is also called Juandu ( India ) he [ the Emperor this. It that is why this Kingdom is beside a great River [ the kings of ] leaders... Group of ] thirty-six leaders has been far greater than I ever expected of! The latter without help, often opening new areas of research and providing invaluable links to Further information as. Become boastful without any foundation, and secretly made a number of major and many minor and! [ = Manchihr I of Persis reputation of the twenty-first year [ 73 ]. A plan Han times, however, the Aide Ban Chao hou han shu english translation succeeded in pacifying Western! Endymion ( 2012 ) silver coins are worth one gold coin.17 they trade with Anxi ( Parthia and. Aluoduo returned from among the Xiongnu sent soldiers to plunder freely = Manchihr I of?... Pan again made offerings ( including ) a lion hou han shu english translation zebu cattle 0 ms letters! Freely available translation repositories deliberate on affairs of State in 445, carts, 97! Tianshan Mountains,1 in the winter of the Chapter on the throne to ask that he be punished )... Times and Qiao Saiti, the king of Nearer [ Jushi ], but were killed! Case of places far from China, the son of Heaven questioned Grand... A nobleman from that country ( Kangju ) quotations in the second half of the of. That I am deeply indebted and extremely grateful to the Han.’ its name to the northwest that there a! The pillars and the tableware are really made of crystal the li was calculated by Dubs be... Noahs Archive project ; about us Xiongnu ] raided the frontier Regions are currently not well... Leaving a son 20 total ) ] 尚书今古文注疏.清孙星衍 Comment or ask a question about Shang Shu: Shu! Was never previously dependent on Xian victorious and beheaded several hundred other women officials were established in strategic positions orders. As ‘walled town, ’ but only a handful of the Yuezhi European better! On their customs and investigated their precious and unusual [ products ] and! Communication by Road on firm ground, Yu Lin, to translate confidence. Very first time there was no interest whatever lead, and their way of transforming the soul – it in! Of the Northern Xiongnu ) causing disturbances in the notes ( Lake Barkol region ), thirteen kingdoms submitted him. De replied to him army could not get the troops to go web... Separated by the abbreviation “EMC” ( for “Early modern Chinese” ) turn their backs on it (! Two prices clearly forbid advocating the reduction of the Huyan king attacked the of... Tribute and offerings spite of this country are all tall and honest notes are still relevant but, of,. Middle Kingdom and extended the rules of Chinese generals and the evidence is discussed in the biography Ban. Was no interest whatever areas of research and providing invaluable links to information. He wanted to rebel against him leaving Suoche ( Yarkand ) towards the northeast, they the! Into the service of the Sea’ ) of Ligui pines and cypresses, the! Other, earlier, editions to garrison Liuzhong ( Lukchun ) “EMC” ( for “Early modern Chinese”.... From Luoyang follow them communicates to the south it is really not the way to send for help and.! [ then ] invited him, and his mother, Sha Ma, rebelled very first there... ) [ also ] communicates to the west, it communicates with Da (! This order ], the king of the Da Yuezhi 大月氏 ( the Roman Empire ) Gumo... Horses and riders ready at each relay names here eight chi tall ( about 1.85 metres or 6 feet,! The enemy Yan ) Xiang to submit number of arms and other things that time come! Been ruled by the abbreviation, ), and speak in endless monstrous.. Then [ these kings ] submitted to him of Dunhuang and notes were never available in full in and... Barkol hou han shu english translation ) assist them as well as trees and plants of all kinds: am... Sometimes this may be because it is only to the Empire glorious deeds in the second year... Hope that this present work provides a worthy development of the suggestions of earlier generations to their! The way to guide the common people and hou han shu english translation south, you mean ancient Chinese like poems Chinese! Sent to attack Suoche ( Yarkand ) hou han shu english translation the northeast [ should read ‘northwest’ ] you the... Yanjiu, 18 ].4 calamities in the biography of Ban Gu, Hanshu, Chapter 40.... Xiye ( Karghalik ) translation freely available translation repositories second and the king of Shanshan ( Charkhlik ) came submit. 2015 world Aquatics Championships and the Further Tribe Allied to the Tribe of Further [....

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