It had been estimated in 2018 that up to 80% to 90% of infant formula purchased in Australia was destined for China. By Simon Elegant / Beijing", "Countries should test Chinese dairy products: WHO", "Calls for Chinese food ban after milk scandal", "Asia Food Tainting Spreads, Leading to Recall in U.S", "China's Melamine Milk Crisis Creates Crisis of Confidence", "Breastfeeding Drop Exposed in Milk Scandal, WHO Says", "Sanlu Group website hacked, Header bar changed to "Melamine, "Melamine" added as a product name, Sanlu Group – Products Show", "Chinese go online with food safety jokes", "China Authorities Avoid the true Reasons For Contaminated Milk Powder", "China Lawyers Face Pressure in Milk Cases", "Parents file lawsuit in China against dairy firm", "Hong Kong Adds Tests For Melamine in Food", "China's Tainted Food Products Only Harm the Average People, High-Ranking Officials Have Their Own Specially-Supplied Food Sources", "Amid milk scare, China's elite get special food", "China's Poisoned-Milk Scandal: Is Sorry Enough? The group aims to improve government coordination and enforcement and to solve systemic food safety problems. Other types of melamine contamination, separate from using tableware, have been in the news. , On 9 October 2008, in an attempt to control the damage to Chinese dairy exports, officials at a World Trade Organization meeting insisted that contamination had been "accidental", directly contradicting the WHO observations.  WHO and UNICEF also jointly decried the "particularly deplorable ... deliberate contamination of foods intended for ... vulnerable infants and young children" On 26 September, the WHO warned health officials around the world to be alert for dairy products of Chinese origin that could be tainted.  The Hong Kong Centre for Food Safety said that 99 percent of the victims were aged under 3 years. China Retail News, From AQSIS source.  Reuters compiled figures reported by local media across the country, and said the toll stood at nearly 94,000 at the end of September, excluding municipalities.  The scandal has also highlighted structural problems of inadequate production volume, inherent quality issues, and poor production methods.  Melamine is known to cause kidney failure and kidney stones in humans and animals when it reacts with cyanuric acid inside the body. Melamine is known to cause kidney failureand kidney stones in hu… Farmers reportedly poured away milk and faced selling cows to a buyerless market. Milk powder samples #1-5 (approximately 2 g of each) were accurately weighed into 50-mL centrifuge tubes, and 15 mL of aqueous trichloroacetic acid (1%, v/v) and 5 mL acetonitrile were added to each. Adulteration on such a scandalous scale occurs in societies with a toxic combination of characteristics: a fast-growing capitalist economy coupled with a government unable or unwilling to regulate the food supply. Media commentators expected the Sanlu distribution network to be sold. , In a study published in 2010, researchers from Peking University studying ultrasound images of infants who fell ill in the 2008 contamination found while most children in a rural Chinese area recovered, 12 percent still showed kidney abnormalities six months later. Prior to injection, solutions were filtered through a 0.2-µm Millex®-HV filter (Millipore). ", As a reaction to and comment on the scandal, Chinese artist and video animation producer Pi San created "Little Rabbit, Be Good" as part of his popular Kuang Kuang video series.  Melamine adulteration of food products also made headlines when pet food was recalled in Europe and the U.S. in 2007. , The Wall Street Journal reported that the suppression of bad news had not improved since the scandal was uncovered: media rigidly adheres to the official line, as ordered; Chinese consumers were ill-informed about the extent of global recalls. Free media in China could compensate for the underdeveloped rule of law, and be important in keeping companies and regulators honest.  Nestlé's factory in Heilongjiang was also implicated: the Taiwanese Department of Health forced the delisting of six Neslac and KLIM products on 2 October for containing minute traces of melamine, although the minister said they did not pose a significant health risk. , The government stressed that no new cases of melamine-related illnesses had been detected since 20 September, and that test results on samples from 31 brands of baby formula, 84 brands powder for adult consumption, and 75 domestic brands of liquid milk produced after 14 September did not contain melamine, the AQSIQ said.  One citizen voiced concern that President Ma Ying-jeou's promise for closer ties with China would bring in more tainted products to Taiwan. ", Public concerns have resulted in demand and egg prices falling throughout the country. , Chang Boyang, one of the group of volunteer lawyers, said he had filed a suit in Guangdong against Sanlu on behalf of the parents of one victim. The scandal involved milk and infant formula along with other food materials and components being adulterated with melamine. " A Beijing-based consultancy, Dragonomics, concurred that "the problem was rooted in the Communist Party's continued involvement in pricing control, company management and the flow of information".  One academic suggested cyromazine, a melamine derivative pesticide commonly used in China for a long time, is absorbed into plants as melamine; it may therefore have long been present in products such as poultry, eggs, fish, and dairy products. 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